Hosting civilizations for 8500 years
Located on 380 north latitude and 270 degrees longitude at foothill of Mount Yamanlar at the northeast of Izmir, Bornova is 8 km away to Izmir. Holding 400.000 settled and 1 million moving population, Bornova covers total 205 km area with its village. Inhabited 8.500 years ago, Bornova has hosted several civilizations from past today. Bornova has been one of the interests of Western travellers and researchers taking ancient sources as a guide since 17th century. In the Ottoman period, it is understood that this region is a very fertile agricultural area and countryside thanks to its intense vegetation. It is known that the plain is very rich in water resources.
Bornova is located at the center of highway network of Izmir-Ankara, Izmir-Aydın and Izmir-Çanakkale. Upon arrival of Subway and Terminal Station, significance of Bornova has doubled up. Famous with its green areas, tomato, pomegranate groves and picnic areas, Bornova has hosted various cultures during the history and still maintains this mission.
Holding rich vegetation and animal resources in prehistoric period and suitable environmental conditions, Bornova Plain has hosted the first settlers of Izmir. The remains of the oldest settlement of Izmir have been found in Yeşilova Mound within the borders of Bornova. Yeşilova Mount extracted in Bornova Plain as a result of excavation performed in 2005 and 2006 is understood to be the oldest settlement center in not only Izmir but also in Aegean region. It has been detected that the first communities started to settle in Yeşilova Mound 8000-9000 years ago.
In the Ottoman period, it is understood that this region is a very fertile agricultural area and countryside thanks to its intense vegetation. It is known that the plain is very rich in water resources.
Settlement in Bornova with its oldest name known as “Birun-u Abad” started in Hellenistic age. Amazons, Hittites, Ionians, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Macedonians, the Kingdom of Pergamon and Romans rules and inhabited in this region.
LIBERATION FROM OCCUPATION
The Turks stepping in Anatolia with Malazgirt Victory in 1071 entrusted ruling of Bornova to Chaka Bey (Tzachas) in 1076. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire on May 15th, 1919, Bornova occupied by the Greek liberated from enemy invasion after Turkish Army entered in Izmir from Belkahve ridges under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
Establishing the first municipal organization in 1881, Bornova has been functioning as metropolitan municipality of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality since 1981.
FIRST FOOTBALL MATCH
The first football match in Turkey was played between the British Navy arriving at Izmir in 1890 and young people of Izmir. Again, the first athletics competition in our country was held in Bornova in 1895.